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How To Improve Your Self Esteem-5 Ways to improve your self esteem

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Self-esteem reflects an individual’s overall emotional evaluation of his or her own worth. It is the decision made by an individual as an attitude towards the self. Self-esteem encompasses beliefs about oneself, as well as emotional states.

Smith and Mackie (2007) defined it by saying “The self-concept is what we think about the self; self-esteem, is the positive or negative evaluations of the self, as in how we feel about it.”

Psychologists usually regard self-esteem as an enduring personality trait. Synonyms or near-synonyms of self-esteem include many things: self-worth, self-regard, self-respect, and self-integrity.


These set of people :Basically, we have two types of self-esteem and they include :

1. The High Self Esteem

People with a very high level of self-esteem are those people who believe in themselves. They do not need the approval of people or the society to prove their self-worth.

a. Believe strongly in certain values and principles, and are willing to defend them when faced with opposition, feeling secure.

b. Are able to act according to what they think is best, trusting their own instinct and not feeling guilty when others do not like their choice.

c. Do not waste time worrying too much about the past, nor about what could happen in the future. They learn from the past and plan ahead for the future, but live in the present.

d. Are sensitive to feelings and needs of others; respect social rules, and have no right or desire to achieve their goals or aspirations at others’ expense.

e. Can work toward finding lasting solutions and voice discontent without belittling themselves or others when challenges arise.

A person with a high self-esteem do not need assurance or reassurance from people. They are usually very confident, handle criticism well. They see no need for constant feedback or commendation from people.

2. Low Self Esteem

A person with low self-esteem is one who isn’t confident, needs constant praise and feedback from people and doesn’t believe in himself or herself.

A person with low self-esteem

a. Is hypersensitive to criticism and always feeling attacked.

b. Has an excessive will to please and unwillingness to displease any petitioner.

c. Has an increased urge to be perfect, which can lead to frustration when perfection is not achieved.

d. Is always dwelling on or exaggerating the magnitude of past mistakes.

e. Is generally defensiveness and hostile without any meaningful reason.

f. Is a pessimist and have a general negative attitude towards life.



Low self-esteem can be caused greatly by traumatic childhood experiences, such as separation from parents, neglect, negative feedback from people, emotional, physical, verbal and sexual abuse.

Self esteem can be undermined by ill-health, losing of job, losing a loved one, different forms of abuse. It is common among victims of discrimination on the grounds of culture, religion, race, sex and social background.


In developing self-esteem, several factors should be taken into consideration and here are the 5 ways to improve your self-esteem:.

1. Have a Knowledge Self Esteem

Self esteem or the way we feel about ourselves is a very important aspect of our emotional well-being.

High self-esteem means that we love and accept our self the way we are, while low self-esteem means that we are not satisfied with the way we are.

2. Evaluate Yourself

Knowing that you have low self-esteem is the first step towards dealing with the mental health. This could be as a result of a trait or body image, a change in career or life goals.

3. Listen to Your Inner Voice

When you have thoughts about yourself, follow your instincts. Determine whether they are positive or negative thoughts. Try writing down thoughts about yourself daily.

4. Find out the Reason or Source of Your Lowered self-esteem.

No one is born with low self-esteem. It stems from childhood experiences, negative feedback from people. Knowing the cause of the problem can help solve them.

5. Set a goal to Improve Your Self Esteem

Turning your inner voice from negative to a positive voice will greatly help to re-frame the way you think about you.



Having improved and develop your self-esteem, there are various ways to maintain a high self-esteem and these include :

  • Make a list of your strengths and achievements and surround yourself with people of like minds.
  • Think positively about yourself. Constantly remind yourself that, despite your shortcomings, you are a unique and a special breed.
  • Pay adequate attention to personal hygiene. Brush your teeth regularly, have your bath, wear clean clothes and make yourself feel good.
  • Eat good food and maintain a healthy balanced diet. Exercise regularly and ensure you are getting enough rest and sleep.
  • Make your living space beautiful and comfortable.
  • Set challenges for yourself and work towards achieving them.
  • Reduce stress level, goals ahead and do things you enjoy doing.
  • Be kind to people and do nice things for them. Always wear a smile and constantly remain cheerful.














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