BRAIN EXERCISES IMPROVE MEMORY-11 BENEFITS OF BRAIN EXERCISES
The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system. It controls most of the activities of the body (processing, integrating, and coordinating the information) it receives from the sense organs, and making decisions as to the instructions sent to the rest of the body. The brain is protected by and contained in the skull bones of the head. The cerebrum is the largest part of the human brain. It is divided into two cerebral hemispheres. Each hemisphere is conventionally divided into four lobes – the frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes. Within each lobe, cortical areas are associated with specific functions, such as the sensory, motor and association regions.
Although the left and right hemispheres are broadly similar in shape and function, some functions are associated with one side, such as language in the left and visual-spatial ability in the right. The hemispheres are connected by commissural nerve tracts, the largest being the corpus callosum.
Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including increasing growth and development, preventing aging, strengthening muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance, and also enjoyment. Frequent and regular physical exercise boosts the immune system and helps prevent certain “diseases of affluence” such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity. It may also help prevent stress and depression, increase quality of sleep and act as a non-pharmaceutical sleep aid to treat diseases such as insomnia, help promote or maintain positive self-esteem, improve mental health, maintain steady digestion and treat constipation and gas, regulate fertility health, and augment an individual’s sex appeal or body image.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Memory is vital to experiences and related to limbic systems, it is the retention of information over time for the purpose of influencing future action. If we could not remember past events, we could not learn or develop language, relationships, nor personal identity.
Often memory is understood as an informational processing system with explicit and implicit functioning that is made up of a sensory processor, short-term (or working) memory, and long-term memory. This can be related to the neuron. The sensory processor allows information from the outside world to be sensed in the form of chemical and physical stimuli and attended to with various levels of focus and intent. Working memory serves as an encoding and retrieval processor. Information in the form of stimuli is encoded in accordance with explicit or implicit functions by the working memory processor. The working memory also retrieves information from previously stored material. Finally, the function of long-term memory is to store data through various categorical models or systems.
Explicit and implicit functions of memory are also known as declarative and non-declarative systems. These systems involve the purposeful intention of memory retrieval and storage, or lack thereof. Declarative, or explicit memory is the conscious storage and recollection of data. Under declarative memory resides semantic and episodic memory. Semantic memory refers to memory that is encoded with specific meaning while episodic memory refers to information that is encoded along a spatial and temporal plane. Declarative memory is usually the primary process thought of when referencing memory.
Non-declarative, or implicit, memory is the unconscious storage and recollection of information.
What is brain exercise good for?
We like to keep our bodies active, but why don’t we invest the same amount of care in our minds? Everyone tells us to go to the gym and exercise to stay healthy, but somehow the same necessity is not given to our brain’s health. Maybe we think that a little of reading or studying here and there is enough – but research shows that variation in our mental activity is the key to long-term success.
It is well-known that physical exercise leads to a longer and happier life. So what about exercise for your brain? According to the latest findings in Neuroscience, your brain reaches its peak performance at 16-25 years, and thereafter cognitive functioning declines. For most of us, these are not so great news. But the better news is that no matter how old you are or what your profession is, science shows that training with brain exercises can in fact benefit you. The key to success? Specifically tailored courses to meet your personal needs.
People often try to keep their brains active using Sudoku or crosswords. And while these are certainly all fun and games, they are unfortunately not very effective in training your brain. Science has come up with a far better way to stay mentally active: personalized brain exercises!
Willis found that with brain training, individuals became more efficient at performing everyday tasks of varying complexity – from writing a shopping list to operating technical equipment. She also reported that their memory improved and the enhancements lasted up to five years following the workout.
Brain training benefits everyone.
But the best part is that brain training is for everyone. Recently, the extensive COGITO Study at the Max-Planck Institute demonstrated that training with brain exercises improves working memory for people of all age groups. In total,101 young adults aged 21-30 years and 103 older adults aged 65-80 years participated in the study. Both groups underwent a total of 100 hours of training with brain exercises, focusing on working memory, processing speed and memory. Another study revealed that brain training can benefit your brain even after the first few signs of dementia have set in. Studies has proven brain exercises as a preventative measure for the onset of Alzheimers Disease.
10 BENEFITS OF BRAIN EXERCISE
- It enhances your intelligence.
- It helps you in faster reaction to danger or activities.
- It increases your hearing capacity.
- It boosts your self-confidence.
- It develops your thinking ability.
- It reduces stress.
- It improves your ability to memorize past or present events.
- It improves your creativity.
- It boosts your productivity.
- It puts you in more positive mood.
- It improves your vision.
Training with brain games can improve the memory of people with mild cognitive impairments, including those showing the first signs of dementia.
In summary, these studies and others clearly suggest that your brain is trainable, if the training is tailored to your individual needs.